Betsy Ross Facts
Betsy Ross - Date of Birth
Betsy Ross Birthplace
- Betsy Ross was born Elizabeth Griscom in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- Father - Samuel Griscom, born 1717 - September 15, 1793
- Mother - Rebecca James Griscom, born 1721 - September 21, 1793
- Samuel Griscom
was a prominent carpenter in Philadelphia. He was the third generation
of his family to work in this trade and helped build the belltower on
Independence Hall. Both his name and his father's name are inscribed on
the wall of Carpenter's Hall in Philadelphia, the home
of the nation's oldest trade organization. Betsy's grandfather, Andrew,
emigrated to New Jersey from England in 1680. He was a very strong
Quaker. He met and became a personal friend of William Penn,
the founder of Pennsylvania and came to the colony later to be a part
of Penn's "Holy Experiment," which was to govern an entire colony based
on their Quaker religious beliefs.
- Rebecca James Griscom was the daughter of a prominent Philadelphia Quaker merchant. She and Samuel were married on February 6, 1741. They had 17 children. Both of them died from yellow fever in the Philadelphia Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793.
Number of siblings
Betsy Ross Facts - Birth order
Betsy Ross was the 8th of 17 children.
- Sister: Deborah Griscom Bolton (b. April 1743, d. 1793)
- Sister: Susannah Griscom Doane Satterthwaite (b. July 1744, d. April 30, 1788)
- Sister: Sarah Griscom (b. October 1745, d. March 25, 1747)
- Sister: Rebecca Griscom (b. January 1746, d. ?)
- Brother: William Griscom (b. April 1748, d. August 18, 1749)
- Elizabeth "Betsy" Griscom (b. January 1, 1752, d. January 30, 1836)
- Brother: Samuel Griscom (b. April 1753, d. September 9, 1756)
- Sister: Sarah Griscom Donaldson (b. July 1749, d. 1785)
- Sister: Mary Griscom Morgan (b. October 1750, d. ?)
- Sister: Martha Griscom (b. July 1754. d. July 28, 1757)
- Sister: Hannah Griscom Levering (b. Nov 1755, d. December 21, 1836)
- Sister: Ann Griscom (b. March 1757, d. August 25, 1759)
- Brother: Samuel Griscom (b. July 1758, d. July 23, 1761)
- Brother: Joseph Griscom (b. November 1759, d. October 10, 1762)
- Sister: Abigail Griscom (b. 1759, d. November 15, 1762)
- Sister: Rachael Griscom (b. November 1762, d. November 18, 1825)
- Brother: George Griscom (b. April 1761, d. 1835)
Nicknames and Pseudonyms
- The Little Rebel - Betsy Ross
was called this name by British soldiers who occupied her house in the
winter of 1777-78 because of her strongly patriotic views.
Betsy Ross Facts - Betsy Ross Education
- Quakers believed strongly in the equality of women with men. Being a Quaker, Betsy went to a Quaker public school known as the Rebecca Jones School for Quakers, a school chartered by Pennsylvania founder William Penn. There she learned reading, writing, arithmetic, geography and history. The Quaker children
were also instructed in a trade which they worked on for four hours a
day. Betsy probably sewed, a skill she had learned from her great-aunt Sarah Elizabeth Ann Griscom. Betsy made quilts and other needlework with complicated designs, a skill for which Betsy won many local prizes.
Betsy Ross Facts - Religious Views
- Betsy Ross was a long time member of the Quaker church. Her great-grandfather, Andrew Griscom moved from New Jersey to Pennsylvania to join William Penn's
"Holy Experiment," an attempt to govern a colony based on Quaker
beliefs taken from the Bible. Betsy grew up in the Quaker church and
remained there until she married John Ross. John Ross was the son of an assistant rector of the Episcopalian Christ Church,
the most prominent church in Philadelphia. Betsy was ex-communicated
from the Quaker church and disowned by her family after marrying Ross
because the Quaker group she was a part of did not approve of
intermarrying with those of other Christian denominations. Betsy Ross then became a member of Christ Church where she met many prominent citizens of Philadelphia, including George and Martha Washington.
After John's untimely death in a gunpowder accident during the war,
Betsy returned to the Quakers, but this time joined the "Free" Quaker
church. The traditional Quaker church held to a pacifist view that war
was wrong in all circumstances. Consequently, some Quakers who wanted to
support the war effort broke off from the main group to form their own
churches, known as the "free" or "fighting" Quakers. Betsy joined this
group and was an active member for the rest of her life. Her signature
can be found
regularly in the attendance records of the Free Quaker Meeting House. Betsy attended this church for many years with her third husband John Claypoole who came from a Quaker family that was close friends of William Penn. In 1834, Betsy Ross and John Price Wetherill
were the only two remaining Free Quakers attending church at the
Meeting House. They decided it was time to close the church for good and
the two of them saw the doors closed and locked for the last time. Betsy had attended the church for over 50 years. This Free Quaker House Meeting building, was built in 1783 and still stands today only a few blocks from the Betsy Ross House in Philadelphia. You can see Betsy Ross' Bible on display at the Betsy Ross House as well.
Betsy Ross Facts - First Occupation
- When Betsy Ross finished school as a teenager, her father had her enrolled in an apprenticeship with a local upholsterer named William Webster. This is where she met her husband John Ross,
who was also an apprentice. The two married and began their own
upholstery business, making such things as furniture coverings, clothing
and household items such as
curtains, bedspreads, pillow, embroidery, etc. It was common during the
Revolutionary War for upholsterers to take on extra business for the
army and navy, including making tents, blankets, uniforms, powder bags
- Betsy Ross never traveled away from the colonies during her lifetime.
Betsy Ross Facts - Betsy Ross Signature
Betsy Ross signature
- Betsy Ross married three times. Her last husband was John Claypoole.
This signature is from the Quaker meeting house attendance book. Quaker
churches were known for keeping very accurate attendance records.
Betsy Ross - Her Family
Betsy Ross Facts - Dates of marriages, husbands' names
Betsy Ross married three times, her first two husbands died as a result
of the Revolutionary War.
- First husband - John Ross. Betsy met John Ross while they were both apprentices with Philadelphia upholsterer William Webster.
The two eloped in November, 1773. She was 21. They ferried across the
Delaware River to Gloucester, New Jersey where they were married at
Hugg's Tavern. The marriage caused Betsy to be "read out" of the Quaker
Church, which did not approve of interdenominational marriages. To be
"read out" of the church meant being cut off economically, emotionally
and from one's own family. She was publicly
ex-communicated from the church and disowned by her family as a result.
In spite of this, Betsy became a member of the Episcopalian Christ Church,
Philadelphia's most influential
church, because this was John's church, his father being an assistant
rector at the church. John and Betsy started their own upholstery
business in 1774 on Arch Street in Philadelphia in what
is now known as the "Betsy Ross House," which is still standing today. The Ross' never owned the home,
but rented it. Starting in business was a bold move for the young
couple because they would not be able to rely on any of Betsy's former
Quaker friends for business after her ex-communication. Once the
Revolutionary War began, John joined the Pennsylvania militia. In
mid-January 1776, John was guarding ammunition in Philadelphia when
there was an accident resulting in life threatening injuries. Betsy
tried to nurse John back to health, but he died from his wounds on
January 21, 1776. He was buried in Christ Church cemetery. He and Betsy Ross never had any children.
- Second husband - On June 15, 1777, Betsy Ross married again,
this time to Captain Joseph Ashburn.
During that winter, their home was forcibly occupied by British soldiers
when Philadelphia was occupied. Joseph and Betsy had two children, the
first of whom died in infancy. In 1780, Joseph was sent on a mission to
the West Indies where he was commanding an American privateer to procure
military supplies for the war effort. While on the mission, his ship
was captured by a British ship. He was charged with treason and sent to
prison in England. While he was in prison, the Ross' first daughter
Zilla died at nine months old and their second daughter Eliza was born.
John became ill and died in the notorious Old Mill Prison
at Plymouth in March 1782, several months after the surrender of
Cornwallis at Yorktown. Betsy was 30 years old when her second husband
- Third husband - John Claypoole was another sailor who happened
to be in prison at the Old Mill with Betsy's second husband Joseph Ashburn when he died. John was an old suitor of Betsy Ross.
He came personally to Betsy's home after he was released to tell her of
the news of her husband's death and bring her his last words. John's
meeting with Betsy rekindled their old friendship and romance and they
were married in May, 1783. John had fought in several battles under
General Washington and was injured at the Battle of Germantown.
Betsy talked John into abandoning the sea and he began to work in her
upholstery business. Later he became an employee of the US Customs House
in Philadelphia. John and Betsy had five daughters, four of whom lived
to adulthood. They were very active in the Free Quaker church. John
suffered a devastating stroke in 1800 that caused him to need almost
constant nursing for the rest of his life, which Betsy attended to, but
he did not die until 1817.
Betsy Ross Facts - Children's names, birth order, occupations
Joseph Ashburn and Betsy (Ross) Ashburn had two children:
- Aucilla Ashburn (known as Zillah), born September 15, 1779, died in infancy.
- Elizabeth Ashburn Claypoole Silliman (known as Eliza), born February 25, 1781, died ?
John Claypoole and Betsy (Ross) Claypoole had five daughters:
- Clarissa Sidney Claypoole Wilson, born April 3, 1785, died July 10, 1864. Clarissa took
over Betsy's sewing and flag business after her retirement.
- Susannah Claypoole Satterthwaite (known as Susan), born November 15, 1786, died June 11, 1875.
- Rachel Claypoole Jones Fletcher, born February 1, 1789, died 1873.
- Jane Claypoole Canby, born November 13, 1792, died January 4, 1873.
- Harriet Claypoole, born December 20, 1795, died October 8, 1796 in infancy.
Betsy Ross Facts - Famous relatives
- Betsy Ross' first husband was John Ross. John's uncle was a Philadelphia lawyer named George Ross who was a Pennsylvania delegate to the Continental Congress and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
- Gertrude Ross Till, was the widowed aunt of John Ross and the sister of George Ross. Gertrude married George Read, a Delaware lawyer who also was a member of the Continental Congress and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. This means Betsy Ross' husband John had two uncles in the Congress who signed the Declaration.
Betsy Ross House
Betsy Ross Facts - The Betsy Ross House
Betsy Ross House, Philadelphia
- The Betsy Ross House was the home of Betsy Ross from 1773 to 1785. This is the home where Betsy Ross was living when the secret committee from Congress, including George Washington, Robert Morris and George Ross
came to ask her to make the first American flag. Betsy's upholstery
shop was in the front of the house and her private room was at the back.
Betsy rented the home and the owner of the home lived in the rest of
- The front part of the home was built nearly 250
years ago and is a variation of a "band-box" house, with each floor
making up one room with a spiral staircase ascending from the cellar to
the top floor. The back part of the house, which is where Betsy's parlor
was located, was added on several years later. This parlor is where
Betsy and the secret committee allegedly discussed the flag.
- The home was generally recognized as being the place where Betsy Ross created the Betsy Ross Flag
by at least the 1870's. By the late 1800's, the home was falling into
disrepair and most of the other Revolutionary War era homes around it
had been torn down and replaced with warehouses and other buildings.
Concerned citizens formed the American Flag House and Betsy Ross Memorial Association in 1898 to restore the house and see it opened as a museum.
- Artist Charles Weisberger
was one of the original members of the Association.
Weisberger moved into the house with his family in 1898 and they
immediately opened a gift shop in the front room and the back room where
the famous meeting allegedly took place for visitors to tour.
Birth of Our Nation's Flag by Charles Weisberger
- Charles Weisberger painted the painting Birth of our Nation's Flag in 1892. The painting was displayed and admired by many at the 1893 World Columbian Exposition in Chicago. When the Betsy Ross Memorial Association began to raise money to restore the Betsy Ross House,
they encouraged people across the nation to give a dime for the
restoration. In return, people were given a "lifetime membership" to the
Association and a certificate imprinted with the image of Birth of our Nation's Flag. Those who could get 30 of their friends to give received a full color reproduction of the painting suitable for framing.
- In 1937, radio mogul Atwater Kent, who was the largest manufacturer of radios
in America in the 20s and 30s, gave $25,000 to restore the Betsy Ross House. The
home was restored by architectural historian Richardson Brognard Okie,
many of the home's Revolutionary War era features, including its
fireplaces, stairwell, doors and more. The home was reopened in its
current condition on Flag Day, June 14, 1937.
- Atwater Kent purchased some adjoining properties to the Betsy Ross House
in 1941 where an outdoor garden was created. The property was given to
the city of Philadelphia at that time. In 1965 an adjoining building was
purchased and the garden was renovated. In 1976, the remains of Betsy Ross and her third husband John Claypoole were moved from Mount Moriah cemetery in Yeadon, Pennsylvania to the garden at the Betsy Ross House where you can visit the graves today.
- Since 1995, the Betsy Ross House property has been leased from the city of Philadelphia by a nonprofit organization called Historic Philadelphia, Inc., which runs the site for the city. Today the Betsy Ross House is furnished with decor from the time when Betsy Ross is said to have lived in the house. Seven rooms are viewable including the kitchen, bedrooms, the parlor where Betsy Ross met with George Washington
and the secret flag committee and the country's only replica of an 18th
century upholstery shop. Several articles that belonged to Betsy Ross
can be seen in the home, including her walnut chest-on-chest, her
Chippendale and Sheraton side chairs, her eyeglasses, her quilted
petticoat and her Bible. In addition, the Betsy Ross House
now features a large 34 star American flag that was made by her
daughter Clarissa at the time of the Civil War to celebrate the
admission of Kansas into the union. Over 250,000 people visit the Betsy Ross House each year. Only the Liberty Bell and Independence Hall draw more visitors in Philadelphia. You can learn more about visiting times and how to get to the Betsy Ross House here.
The Betsy Ross Flag
Betsy Ross Facts - The Betsy Ross Flag
- Americans for generations have been raised on the legend of the Betsy Ross Flag, allegedly the first American flag, which was created by Betsy Ross at her upholstery
shop in Philadelphia. There is, however, much controversy among historians about whether or not this story is true.
- The legend goes that George Washington, Robert Morris and George Ross,
who were all members of Congress showed up at
Betsy's shop sometime in May of 1776. They told her they had been
appointed to a secret committee to create a flag for the United States.
They asked Betsy Ross if she could
create a flag. She told them she hadn't made one before, but didn't
doubt that she could do it. They then proceeded to Betsy's parlor where
they showed her a preliminary design. Betsy allegedly made some
suggestions, including that the flag have five-pointed stars instead of
the drawings six-pointed stars. The committee liked her ideas and the
flag she produced was later approved by Congress.
- The main source for this story is
several of Betsy's relatives who testified that they heard her tell from
her own mouth that she had created the first American flag. Three
relatives signed written
affidavits and her grandson William Canby
told the story in a paper written and delivered orally to the
Historical Society of Philadelphia. No other documentation exists that
can verify the story. There are no records of it from the Continental Congress, no receipts, no other independent verification. This has caused many to doubt the story. Some have even suggested that William Canby
created the story for his family's fame. Others have said the legend
was created to encourage patriotism during the Civil War or to create a
female hero from the American Revolution.
- There is lots of information to read regarding the Betsy Ross Flag controversy, including many facts that actually support the legend. Read more about the history at our Betsy Ross Flag page here.
How the Revolutionary War Affected her Life
Betsy Ross Facts - The Revolutionary War
- The Revolutionary War greatly impacted the life of Betsy Ross. When the war began in April 1775, the colonial economy plummeted. As a working family, John and Betsy Ross
found upholstery and seamstress work harder and harder to come by.
Economic hardship was common for many families during the war.
- Betsy's husband of two years joined the
Pennsylvania militia that year. In January of 1776, he suffered
devastating injuries in a large explosion as he guarded ammunition in
Philadelphia. Betsy tried to nurse her husband back to health, but he
died from his injuries a few days later - the first
death of someone close to her as a result of the war.
- The incident that brought Betsy Ross
to fame occurred a few months after her husband's death. According to
legend, a secret committee came from Congress to ask her to sew the
first American flag - the familiar stars and stripes with the stars
formed in a circle. Betsy Ross even
allegedly influenced the design of this iconic flag. The committee had
shown her a design with six-pointed stars and Betsy encouraged them to
change to five-pointed stars because they were easier to manufacture.
She allegedly showed them how to make a star with a few folds and a
single snip, which impressed them. Congress eventually chose Betsy's
design for the first flag and she embarked on a flag making business for
the government for the next 50 years. Read more about the Betsy Ross Flag here.
- Betsy remarried in June 1777 to Joseph Ashburn.
Their home was forcibly occupied
by British troops during the British invasion of Philadelphia that
winter. This is the same winter the Continental Army suffered so
miserably at Valley Forge.
- Betsy's second husband Joseph was a
sea captain. He joined a mission sent from the Continental Forces to
the West Indies for military supplies in 1780. His ship was captured by a
British frigate. Joseph was charged with treason and sent to prison in
England. Betsy waited for months not knowing anything of Joseph's fate.
She continued to raise her young family and make quilts and blankets for
the army. Their first daughter Zilla died while Joseph was in prison
and Betsy gave birth to their second daughter Eliza. Joseph became very
ill in the notorious Old Mill Prison in
Plymouth, England where he died in March 1782, several months after the
surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown. This was the second death to
impact Betsy's family intimately as a result of the war.
- The news of Joseph's death was brought to Betsy by John Claypoole, a former
suitor of hers who had also been in prison at the Old Mill with Joseph at the time of his death.
John had fought in several Revolutionary War battles under General Washington and was injured at the Battle of Germantown.
Later he was captured at sea and sent to prison in Ireland. He was
eventually transferred to the Old Mill in Plymouth where he joined
Joseph. When John was
released he brought news of Joseph's death and his dying words of love
to Betsy which rekindled their old relationship. John and Betsy married
in May of 1783.
Interesting Personal Information
Betsy Ross Facts - Interesting personal information
- Betsy Ross
married her first husband at the age of 21 and was widowed at 24 when
he died in a gunpowder accident. The first of two husbands she would
lose as a result of the war.
- Betsy Ross was ex-communicated from the Quaker church and disowned by her family when she married her first husband, John Ross, who was anEpiscopalian. She then joined him as a member of the influential Episcopalian Christ Church where his father was an assistant rector.
- After suggesting to the secret flag committee that the flag have five-pointed stars instead of six-pointed stars, George Washington,
who was then Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, sat down in
Betsy's parlor and redrew the flag design in pencil incorporating her
- John and Betsy Ross apparently knew George Washington before the secret flag committee arrived at her home to ask her to make the first American flag. Betsy Ross told relatives that Washington was a frequent guest at her home for
social visits as well as for having clothes tailored.
- Betsy Ross' pew, number 12, at Christ Church was right next to George Washington's
pew. People sat in their own regular pew in church at that time, so
every time they were in church at the same time they would have seen one
another. This may have been how they became friends.
- Betsy Ross' first husband John had two uncles who signed the
Declaration of Independence, George Ross and George Read. These close family relations may have been part of the reason she was allegedly asked to makethe first American flag.
- The name of William Franklin,
Benjamin Franklin's son appears on Betsy Ross' marriage certificate because he was the governor of New Jersey at the time she was married. Betsy Ross'
relationship was cut off from her family due to marrying outside of the
Quaker faith. William Franklin's relationship with his father was also
irrevocably cut off three years later because William remained loyal to
the King and would not turn his back on England as his father did.
- The early part of the Revolutionary War was rough
on Betsy. Her first husband died in a gunpowder accident and the economy
plunged due to the war. Sewing jobs were very hard to come by. The
secret committee that asked her to create the first American flag
changed all that for her though. Congress allegedly ordered all the
flags Betsy could make, a job which she continued in for the next 50
years! Betsy told her family that after that day she never had to look
for employment again.
- Betsy Ross
was known for caring for the sick and the poor. It is said that the
sick would often seek her out before they would go to the doctor because
of her successful homemade remedies.
- Betsy Ross claimed to have done tailoring for George Washington, specifically mentioning having done work on ruffles for his shirts and on cuffs for his sleeves.
- The Betsy Ross Bridge spans the Delaware River from Philadelphia to Pennsauken, New Jersey. It is a six lane highway that opened in 1976. The Betsy Ross Bridge is only the second bridge in America to be named after a woman after Iowa's Kate Shelley High Bridge in 1912.
More Interesting Betsy Ross Facts
- Samuel Wetherill was a close friend of Betsy Ross for many years. His son, John Price Wetherill, and Betsy were the last two living members of the Free Quaker Meeting House, who shut the church down in 1834. A Weatherill family tradition stated that Samuel Wetherill visited Betsy Ross
shortly after her meeting with the secret flag committee. Betsy told
him of the meeting and showed him the
five-pointed star she had cut for them. Wetherill recognized the
historic importance of the event and asked her for the star, which she
gave him. Wetherill then put the star in the family safe where it stayed
for years. The safe was discovered in 1925 and opened. The Betsy Ross star was still inside. The star was displayed at the still standing Free Quaker Meeting House for many years, but has since gone missing.
- The Betsy Ross Flag is sometimes confused with the Mary Young Pickersgill flag, otherwise known as the Star Spangled Banner Flag. The Pickersgill flag is the very large (30'x42') flag that flew over Fort McHenry during the War of 1812. It was made in 1813 and was the inspiration for Francis Scott Key to write the song that would become the National Anthem. Pickersgill's flag hangs at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC.
- More than two million Americans donated their dimes to the Betsy Ross Memorial
Association starting in 1898 to help buy the Betsy Ross House and open it as a museum.
- Besides allegedly creating the first American flag, Betsy Ross is known to have sewn gunpowder bags, tents and blankets for the Continental Army.
- Betsy Ross lost two husbands to the Revolutionary War. John Ross died in an accidental gunpowder explosion. Her second husband, Joseph Ashburn, died in the notorious Old Mill Prison in Plymouth, England where he was sent after having been captured at sea and charged with treason.
- Can a five-pointed star actually be made with several folds and a single snip as the Betsy Ross Flag legend tells?? Yes! Learn how to make your own Betsy Ross Star here.
Betsy Ross Star
- The United States Department of Veterans Affairs uses the Betsy Ross Flag
in its official seal to represent American veterans of all wars since the
- In 1952, the United States Post Office issued a special stamp commemorating the 200th birthday of Betsy Ross. The depiction on the stamp is the Charles Weisberger painting Birth of our Nation's Flag.
Important Documents related to Betsy Ross
Betsy Ross Facts - Important Documents
Betsy Ross' grandson, William Canby's account of the Betsy Ross Flag story given to the Historical Society of Philadelphia in March, 1780 -
The History of the Flag of the United States by William Canby.
The Betsy Ross Flag story first came to national attention in an article published in Harper's New Monthly Magazine in July of 1873. Within a few years of its publication, the Betsy Ross Flag
story was appearing in US textbooks. The article is about the history
of flags from ancient times through the rise of Great Britain. The
picture below comes from the article, which you can read at the
following link - National Standards and Emblems, Harper's New Monthly Magazine, July, 1873. The article appears on pages 171-181, but the Betsy Ross Flag
story is not mentioned until page 181. If you try to read the article
you will need to increase the magnification at the top of the page
because the print is very small otherwise.l
Quotes by Betsy Ross
- When the secret committee asked Betsy Ross if she could make a flag,
she allegedly replied that:
"She did not know but she could try; she had never made one,
but if the pattern were shown to her she had not doubt of her ability to do it."
Betsy Ross Facts - The End of her Life
Date and age of retirement
- Betsy Ross
retired from flagmaking and her upholstery business in 1827, ten years
after her third husband died. Upon retirement, Betsy moved in with her
daughter Susanna Satterthwaite in
Abington, Pennsylvania which was then a remote distance north of the
town (it is a suburb of Philadelphia today). She lived there for several
years. Betsy lived the last three years of her life with her daughter Jane Canby and son-in-law Caleb Canby(William's
mother and father) at No. 63 Cherry Street in Philadelphia. She became
blind in 1835 and passed away there the following year.
Death of Betsy Ross
- January 30, 1836 at the age of 84, Betsy died in her sleep
Where was Betsy Ross buried?
- Betsy Ross was originally buried in the Quaker burial ground on South 5th Street
in Philadelphia with her husband John Claypoole.
20 years later, their remains were exhumed and transferred to Mt.
Moriah Cemetery in the Cobbs Creek Park section of Philadelphia. In
1976, the remains of Betsy Ross and John Claypoole, were exhumed
and transferred a third time to the garden of the Betsy Ross House where they can be visited today.
Betsy Ross Facts - Epitaph on gravestone
The top of the gravestone says the following:
ELIZABETH GRISCOM CLAYPOOLE
JANUARY 1, 1752 - JANUARY 30, 1836
AND HER HUSBAND
AUGUST 15, 1752 - AUGUST 3, 1817
The wording on the front of the grave states the following:
Elizabeth Griscom of Quaker parents, January 1, 1752, Betsy Ross
attended Friends Schools until her apprenticeship as an upholsters.
Marriage on November 4, 1773 to John ross, an Anglican, caused her to be
read out of Meeting. Ross was a member of the militia. He died in
January, 1776. There were no children. George Ross, John's uncle, was a
member of the Continental Congress and a signer of the Declaration of
Independence. he suggested that Betsy sew the Flag, which she did in
late May or early June, 1776.
Betsy Ross married Joseph Ashburn, a sea captain, on
June 15, 1777 in Old Swede's Church. Ashburn was captured by the
British, imprisoned in Plymouth, England, where he died march 3, 1782
while in prison. There were two daughters.
On May 8, 1783, Betsy Ross was married in Christ
Church to John Claypoole who had been a fellow prisoner of Joseph
Ashburn's. He and Betsy lived in this house until 1786. They had five
daughters. Claypoole died August 3, 1817 and he is buried here with his
wife, Betsy, who died in 1836."
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