Samuel Adams Facts
This is a list of basic Samuel Adams Facts. Samuel Adams
is sometimes called the "Father of the American Revolution" because of
his early stand against the tyranny of Great Britain and his speeches
and writings that drew many American colonists into the fight for
freedom. This list of Samuel Adams Facts contains basic
things such as birth and death dates, marriage dates, number of
children and occupations as a young man. It is also contains some
interesting and less well known facts about this hero of the American
Samuel Adams Facts
- Father - Samuel Adams (born May 16, 1689)
- Married mother, Mary Fifield in 1713.
- Samuel Adams, Sr. was a Merchant and Brewer.
Number of siblings
- 10th of 12 children, only two children lived past their 3rd birthday.
- Firebrand of the Revolution
- Father of the American Revolution
- Patriarch of Liberty
- Boston Latin School, a prestigious public school
begun in 1635 and still open today with over 2400 students. Graduates of
the school include such famous people as Revolutionary War General
Henry Knox, Continental Convention delegate Thomas Cushing, Declaration
of Independence signers John Hancock, William Hooper and Robert Treat Paine. (Benjamin Franklin
attended also, but dropped out before he graduated). Other graduates
include such modern people as composer Leonard Bernstein, poet William
Ellery Channing and Joseph Kennedy, father of President John F. Kennedy
- Harvard Law School - Bachelor's degree in 1740;
Master of Arts degree in 1743 (Master's Thesis: "Whether it be lawful to
resist the supreme magistrate if the commonwealth cannot otherwise be
reserved"). Harvard College was begun in 1636. It is the oldest college
in the United States. Generations
of American leaders graduated from Harvard, including such notable
Revolutionary War figures as Samuel Adams, John Adams and John Hancock.
In those days, teenagers attended Harvard. Sam Adams graduated Harvard
at the age of 18. So he attended from age 15 to 18.
- Congregationalist, a very strong Christian
- Mercantile Businessman, worked in the counting
house of future delegate to the Continental Congress Thomas Cushing.
Cushing fired Adams because he wasn't any good at business.
- Brewer. He inherited the brewery from his father, but also failed at this business.
- Tax Collector
Samuel Adams Family
Dates of marriage, wives' names
- Married Elizabeth Checkley, October 17, 1749. She died July 25, 1757.
- Married his 2nd Wife, Elizabeth Wells, in 1764.
Children's names and birth order
All six of these children were with Elizabeth Checkley, Samuel Adams' first wife. He had no children with his second wife, Elizabeth Wells:
- Samuel, September 1750, died after 18 days
- Samuel, October 17, 1751, survived
- Joseph, 1753, died after 1 day
- Mary, 1754, died after 3 months and 9 days
- Samantha, 1756, survived
- Unnamed son, July 1757. This son was stillborn. Elizabeth died as a result of this birth on July 25, 1757.
Children's occupations later in life
- Samuel Adams, Jr. was a doctor.
- His 2nd cousin, John Adams, became 2nd President of the United States.
The Revolutionary War
How he got involved in the independence effort?
- When his business failed in 1764 Adams entered
politics full-time. In May 1764, he drafted the instructions given by
the town of Boston to its newly chosen representatives in regard to the
newly enacted Sugar Act. These instructions were the first public protest in America against the right of Parliament to tax the colonies. The instructions were widely distributed and made Samuel Adams' name known throughout the colonies.
Did he see military action during the war?
Offices Samuel Adams Held
Which party was he in?
- Country party, Anti-Federalist party
Which government offices did he hold?
- Elected a clerk of Boston Market - 1743 at age 21
- Elected tax collector - 1756-1764
- Elected to Massachusetts Assembly - 1765-1774
- Clerk of lower House - 1766-1774
- Delegate to the Continental Congress - 1774-1781
- Member of Massachusetts State Constitutional Convention - 1779-80
- President of State Senate - 1781
- Delegate to Massachusetts State Convention to Ratify Federal Constitution - 1788
- Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (under Hancock) - 1789-1794
- Governor of Massachusetts - 1794-1797
Did he hold any office under the Royal government?
Significant accomplishments while in office?
In His Own Words
Selected works of Samuel Adams and their dates
Samuel Adams Quotes
- "If you love wealth greater than
liberty, the tranquility of servitude greater than the animating
contest for freedom, go home and leave us in peace. We seek not your
council, nor your arms. Crouch down and lick the hand that feeds you;
and may posterity forget that ye were our country men." - Speech at the Philadelphia State House, August 1, 1776
- "We have this day restored the
Sovereign to Whom all men ought to be obedient. He reigns in heaven and
from the rising to the setting of the sun, let His kingdom come." - As the Declaration of Independence was being signed in 1776
- "Better tidings will soon arrive.
Our cause is just and righteous and we shall never be abandoned by
Heaven while we show ourselves worthy of its aid and protection." - While encouraging wavering Continental Convention delegates in gloomy winter of 1776-1777
Read more Samuel Adams Quotes here.
The Close of His Life
Date and age of retirement
- Retired in 1798 at the age of 76.
Date of death
- October 2, 1803 at age of 81.
Location of grave
- Granary Burying Ground, Boston, Massachusetts
Epitaph on gravestone
Here Lies Buried
Signer of the Declaration of
Governor of this Commonwealth
A Leader of Men and an Ardent Patriot
Sons of the
Other Interesting Samuel Adams Facts
Character and disposition
- Average build. Words that describe him -
conscientious, a noble genius within, more than ordinary inflexibility
of character and purpose, great sincerity, simplicity, interesting,
instructive, concise, impressive, inflexible firmness, patriotic ardour,
full of hope, resolute, eager for action.
Landmarks for Samuel Adams
- Statue of Samuel Adams in front of Faneuil Hall in Boston Massachusetts. The four sides of the statue's pedestal say:
He organized the Revolution
And Signed The
Declaration of Independence
Incorruptible and Fearless
Erected A.D. 1880
from a fund bequeathed to the
City of Boston
by Jonathan Phillips
A True Leader of the People
Samuel Adams Statue Faneuil Hall, Boston
- The Old South Meeting House, located on the Boston historic Freedom
Trail on the corner of Washington and Milk streets. It became famous as
the location of the meeting that preceded the Boston Tea Party
during which Samuel Adams delivered a speech and gave a secret signal
to start the action by saying the phrase, "This meeting can do nothing
more to save the country!" The meeting was held there, as there was no
other building in Boston capable of fitting the 5,000 people that were
Old South Meeting House, Boston
Other interesting Samuel Adams Facts
- Organized first Committee of Correspondence
- A Founder of "The Sons of Liberty" in November 1765.
- First to propose a Continental Congress.
- Helped write the Articles of Confederation in 1777.
- Opposed ratifying Constitution until the Bill of Rights was added.
- Suggested Jacob Duche open in prayer at First Continental Congress.
- In old age, he suffered from symptoms of Parkinson's disease.
- "Samuel Adams: America's World Class Beer" is named for him due to his early occupation as a brewer.
If you enjoyed reading these Samuel Adams Facts, you will also like to read the following Revolutionary War Facts:
Revolutionary War Facts
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