On this day in history, October 24, 1821, New Jersey patriot Elias Boudinot dies. Boudinot would serve as President of the Continental Congress, director of the United States Mint and President of the American Bible Society.
was born in 1740 in Philadelphia. He attended college in Princeton at
the College of New Jersey (now Princeton). He served as an apprentice
with lawyer and future signer of the Declaration of Independence,
Richard Stockton. Stockton married Boudinot’s older sister, Annis, while
Boudinot married Stockton’s younger sister, Hannah. Elias started his
own successful law practice in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and became involved
American Revolution, Boudinot served on New Jersey’s Committee of Safety
and helped manage the activities of spies in the New York City area.
George Washington asked Boudinot to become the Continental Army’s
commissary general of prisoners in 1777, a position in which he had the
responsibility of caring for British prisoners held by the Americans and
for American prisoners held by the British.
Boudinot was elected to Congress. From 1782-1783, he served as President
of the Continental Congress, during which time he had the unique
responsibility of signing the preliminary peace treaty with Britain in
1783. After the war, Boudinot was elected to the House of
Representatives for the first 3 congresses of the new US government from
New Jersey. Boudinot decided not to run again in 1794, but the
following year, President Washington asked him to become the Director of
the US Mint, a position he held until 1805.
Boudinot continued his successful law practice and was involved in numerous other civil duties. He was a member of the Board of Trustees of the College of New Jersey for nearly 50 years. Boudinot was a devout Presbyterian and, in 1816, he was elected President of the American Bible Society. He also became an advocate for blacks and American Indians. One young Cherokee student whom Boudinot befriended took Boudinot’s name and became the publisher of the first newspaper in the Cherokee language. Boudinot passed away on October 24, 1821 at his home in Burlington, New Jersey.